SAMR Model- Innovation is more than simply an ebook
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The Santa Barbara Unified School District uses the SAMR model when determining which types of technology to utilize across the district. The SAMR model is a way for educators to decide which technology to add to classrooms in a purposeful way. It might be helpful for all educators (teachers, TOSAs, and Admin) to understand this model, especially when thinking about adopting curricular materials or making large changes to their teaching practice.
What is the SAMR model? Kathy Schrock explains “SAMR is a model designed to help educators infuse technology into teaching and learning. Popularized by Dr. Ruben Puentedura, the model supports and enables teachers to design, develop, and infuse digital learning experiences that utilize technology. The goal is to transform learning experiences so they result in higher levels of achievement for students.”
In the substitution level, the new technology tools are used to replace old ones, but there is no functional change. For example, reading using a kindle. The task (reading) is the same, but the tool used is different.
Though it is a different level, we are still in the substitution mentality but this time with added functionalities. An example of this could be an online textbook that also has a glossary or step by step tutorials available to the student with a simple click. Each of these components is typically available in offline formats, but technology supplements the student learning by having everything in one place.
Allows technology to redesign the task and transforms student learning in the process. As an example, Desmos has a FREE graphing calculator, available online, or on the go. Now, all students (not just the ones who can afford a $100 plus calculator) can engage with the mathematics in a redesigned and relevant way. The Desmos calculator transforms student learning, and equals the playing field in the process. The technology is so solid that CAASPP announced, “Starting with the 2016-17 administration, CAASPP will use a modified version of the Desmos calculator (i.e. one that won’t solve algebraic equations) for the summative assessments, interim assessments, and practice and training tests”.
At this level, the technology allows for the creation of a new task, previously inconceivable with old tools. Tasks on this level would probably correspond to synthesis and evaluation as being the highest order thinking skills in Bloom’s taxonomy. “Redefinition means that students use technology to create imperceptibly new tasks,” according to Ed Tech and Mobile Learning. An example of this could be using Nearpod because it makes presentations possible in a way that was previously impossible. Nearpod gives the presenter controls that they would not have with a standard PowerPoint presentation (and it’s free). Teachers send the digital presentation out to student devices and control what students see. Students interact and respond to the presentation, and the teacher can monitor student progress.
It is important for all educators to understand the SAMR model so that as we add technology to our classrooms, we are creating a growing learning environment. Keeping our eye on the SAMR model will allow our focus to be on finding materials and tools that will push our classrooms into the Modification and Redefinition levels of the model, so that we do not simply Substitute or Augment what we already do.
The following video from Candace W explains the SAMR model in 120 seconds. It’s worth the watch.
“10 Ways to Reach SAMR’s Redefinition Level.” Ditch That Textbook. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
Ravipati01/12/17, Sri. “CAASPP Upgrades to Desmos Calculator for Online Testing.” THE Journal. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
“SAMR.” Kathy Schrock’s Guide to Everything. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
“SAMR Model Explained for Teachers.” Educational Technology and Mobile Learning. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.
Walsh, Kelly. “Kelly Walsh.” Emerging Education Technologies. 17 Sept. 2016. Web. 30 Apr. 2017.